Local transportation KenyaWhile traveling 8,512 kilometers overland from Victoria Falls, Zambia to Lamu Island, Kenya does not quite make us experts in the field…we did learn some very valuable lessons on the mysterious process of African overland travel. Regardless of the name (matatu in Kenya, dala dala in Tanzania, chapa in Mozambique), the main form of transportation in east African countries is an extremely over-packed, yet incredibly cheap and surprisingly fun, mini-van. If you’re planning a visit to Africa and have an adventurous spirit, we highly recommend using this method to travel through the region. Not only is it 10% of the cost of a flight, the immersion in local culture is priceless (if your knees can survive to tell the tale).

Top 10 Matutu-Riding Tips:

  1. Choose your vehicle wisely. Many matatus have names that shed insight into the owner’s driving style. Do your best to avoid vehicles with names like “Beat the Reaper,” “White Lightning,” or “Eat The Dust,” these guys are the wild cards–the kind that pull a three-car-wide pass on a double yellow. (That said, “little angel” could pull a similar move. No guarantees.)
  2. Stretch before you get in. I am talking about deep stretching, as you will be often contorted in ways a body shouldn’t, with your legs and arms snaking around luggage, wheel wells and random metal bars that hold the minivan together.
  3. Pre-determine the going rate to your destination. Optimally find out from your hotel or a local before you get to the transport pick-up area but, at the very least, ask a fellow passenger heading your way. Last resort is to watch what the locals are paying, then pay that same amount when the driver asks for your payment.
  4. Don’t pay for your luggage. On about 20% of our trips we were asked to pay extra for our luggage. Usually this is because the driver is just trying to take advantage of tourists and/or he is too lazy to secure your bag to the roof…call them out. Tell him kindly that your luggage can fit on the roof or under your seat; if not, find another van.
  5. Use duffel bags and luggage locks.  Malleable duffels in a dark color are great at handling a rough and tumble matatu. Your bag will inevitably be squished up against something gross and possibly sat on by a shady character up on the roof so these two items will let you roll with the punches.
  6. Go to the bathroom beforehand. Longer rides might come with a bathroom break, but they are uncommon and will most definitely be on the side of the road, and rarely include any privacy (yes, even for ladies)
  7. Score a window seat. No one seems to like to open windows–no matter how hot and stuffy the van. Get command of a window that opens, optimally the right side of the back row or second to back row.
  8. Carry small change for food and fares. At every stop, food vendors will approach the vehicle to sell passengers food (mostly grilled corn, eggs with amazing salsas, Marie cookies, fruits, and tropical juices) and getting change can be a battle. Regarding your van fare, if you must pay the driver with a big bill, he will hold onto it as long as possible, pretending he can’t break it and hoping you forget, so keep eye contact with him until you get your change back.
  9. Bring an iPod with audio books. This is crucial, as the bus will be so bumpy you will not be able to read a book and you certainly couldn’t write in a journal.
  10. Roll with the punches and have fun! Find the humor in the Mad Max drivers, Jenga-like seating, and junkyard amenities, and what some might see as unpleasant will become the ride(s) of your life.

Here is a quick video we did on the topic while in Nairobi, the unofficial “Matatu Capital of the World”. Leave a comment if you enjoy it.

When you visit Kenya for your first or second safari experience, you realize all roads lead to Nairobi. You will inevitably end up on Accra Road, as we did on four separate occasions during our four weeks in Kenya. Although we didn’t explore Nairobi too far beyond the matatu depot we did stop at the legendary New Stanley hotel, go to the Kenya National Archives, eat at ugali cafes, and take in some incredible people watching.

Similar Posts


  1. Maria Falvey says:

    common sense but that’s what’s needed when traveling. I love these tips ’cause while they’re not difficult to remember, when tired or in a rush they are easy to forget. For #5 I carry a duffel for my pack. Folds up small and has kept straps and clasps from breaking.

    1. So glad you enjoyed our tips. re: backpacks, for being the #1 luggage choice in hardcore travel, backpacks really are fragile. We had a plastic buckle on Mike’s pack break before we even left our house!

  2. Kristin DeMarco says:

    Any other trips to the doctor besides shots?

    1. not a one…if you can believe it. since we left in January we haven’t been to the doctors once, havent taken a single pill (other than Aleeve), touch wood!

  3. carol laager says:

    Great photos We lived in Kampala I was the one that told you about Mombassa Great childhood memories. My sister went back a couple of years ago and could not believe the congestion in nairobi…like you said

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.