List of countries by lowest point

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This is a list of countries by lowest point on land. Countries whose lowest point is exactly sea level (a substantial number) are excluded from this list.

Note that many countries have land below sea level, e.g. the Dead Sea is at 418 m below sea level, and is shared by Israel and Jordan. This is the lowest point on land.

Country Lowest point Altitude
 Lesotho Orange and Makhaleng Rivers 1,400 m (4,593 ft)
 Rwanda Ruzizi River 950 m (3,117 ft)
 Andorra Gran Valira 840 m (2,756 ft)
 Burundi Lake Tanganyika 772 m (2,533 ft)
 Uganda Albert Nile 621 m (2,037 ft)
 Mongolia Hoh Nuur 518 m (1,699 ft)
 Botswana Limpopo and Shashe Rivers 513 m (1,683 ft)
 Kyrgyzstan Kara Darya 435 m (1,427 ft)
 Liechtenstein Rhine 430 m (1,411 ft)
 Armenia Debed 400 m (1,312 ft)
 South Sudan White Nile 400 m (1,312 ft)
 Central African Republic Ubangi River 335 m (1,099 ft)
 Zambia Zambezi 329 m (1,079 ft)
 Tajikistan Syr Darya 300 m (984 ft)
 Afghanistan Amu Darya 258 m (846 ft)
 Niger Niger River 200 m (656 ft)
 Burkina Faso Black Volta 200 m (656 ft)
  Switzerland Lake Maggiore 195 m (640 ft)
 Zimbabwe Runde and Save Rivers 162 m (531 ft)
 Chad Bodélé Depression 160 m (525 ft)
 Luxembourg Moselle River 133 m (436 ft)
 Czech Republic Banks of the Labe or Elbe river near Hřensko (Czech/German border) 115 m (377 ft)
 Austria Apetlon 114 m (374 ft)
 Bhutan Drangme Chhu 97 m (318 ft)
 Slovakia Bodrog 94 m (308 ft)
 Bolivia Rio Paraguay 90 m (295 ft)
 Belarus Neman River 90 m (295 ft)
 Kosovo[note 1] banks of White Drin at border with Albania 80 m (262 ft)
 Hungary Tisza (south of Szeged) 76 m (249 ft)
 Laos Mekong 70 m (230 ft)
   Nepal Kanchan Kalan 70 m (230 ft)
 San Marino Ausa River 55 m (180 ft)
 Republic of Macedonia Vardar 50 m (164 ft)
 Paraguay Rio Paraguay 46 m (151 ft)
 Malawi Shire River 37 m (121 ft)
  Vatican City St. Peter's Square 33 m (108 ft)
 Serbia Iron Gate (Danube) 28 m (92 ft)
 Mali Senegal River 23 m (75 ft)
 Swaziland Maputo River 21 m (69 ft)
 Moldova Dniester 2 m (7 ft)
Others Coastline 0
 Nigeria Lagos Island −0.2 m (−0.7 ft)
 Philippines Habay, Bacoor −0.5 m (−1.6 ft)
 Lithuania Nemunas delta −1.3 m (−4.3 ft)
 Poland Żuławy Wiślane −1.8 m (−5.9 ft)
 France Camargue −2 m (−6.6 ft)
 New Zealand Kirks Drain Road, agricultural land north of Dunedin International Airport on Taieri Plain[1] −2 m (−6.6 ft)
 India Kuttanad −2.2 m (−7.2 ft)
 Sweden Kristianstad −2.4 m (−7.9 ft)
 Italy Le Contane, Jolanda di Savoia −3.2 m (−10.5 ft)
 Germany Neuendorf bei Wilster −3.5 m (−11.5 ft)
 Japan Hachiro-gata −4 m (−13 ft)
 United Kingdom The Fens −4 m (−13 ft)
 Mauritania Sebkhet Te-n-Dghamcha −5 m (−16 ft)
 Ukraine Kuyalnik Estuary −5 m (−16 ft)
 Denmark Lammefjord −7 m (−23 ft)
 Netherlands Zuidplaspolder −7 m (−23 ft)
 Mexico Laguna Salada −10 m (−33 ft)
 Uzbekistan Sariqarnish Kuli −12 m (−39 ft)
 Australia Lake Eyre −15 m (−49 ft)
 Tunisia Shatt al Gharsah −17 m (−56 ft)
 Azerbaijan Caspian Sea −28 m (−92 ft)
 Iran Caspian Sea −28 m (−92 ft)
 Russia Caspian Sea −28 m (−92 ft)
 Peru Sechura Depression −34 m (−112 ft)
 Algeria Chott Melrhir −40 m (−131 ft)
 Dominican Republic Lago Enriquillo −46 m (−151 ft)
 Libya Sabkhat Ghuzayyil −47 m (−154 ft)
 Morocco Sebkha paki Tah −55 m (−180 ft)
 Eritrea Afar Depression near Lake Kulul −75 m (−246 ft)
 Turkmenistan Vpadina Akchanaya −81 m (−266 ft)[note 2]
 United States Badwater Basin −85.5 m (−280.5 ft)
 Argentina Laguna del Carbón −105 m (−344 ft)
 Ethiopia Afar Depression −125 m (−410 ft)
 Kazakhstan Karagiye −132 m (−433 ft)
 Egypt Qattara Depression −133 m (−436 ft)
 People's Republic of China Aydingkol Lake −154 m (−505 ft)
 Djibouti Lac Assal −155 m (−509 ft)
 Syria unnamed point near the Sea of Galilee in the Golan Heights[note 3] −214 m (−702 ft)
 Israel Dead Sea −418 m (−1,371 ft)
 Jordan Dead Sea −418 m (−1,371 ft)
 Antarctica Bentley Subglacial Trench −2,540 m (−8,333 ft)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]


  1. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 107 out of 193 United Nations member states.
  2. ^ Sarygamysh Koli is a lake in north eastern Turkmenistan whose water levels fluctuate widely; at its shallowest, its level is -110 m; it is presently at -60 m, 20 m above Vpadina Akchanaya
  3. ^ The Golan Heights, claimed by Syria and generally held by the international community to belong to Syria, is occupied and controlled by Israel. If the Golan Heights is excluded from consideration, then the lowest point in Syria is probably the point where the eastern border of the buffer zone between the Golan Heights and the rest of Syria meets the border with Jordan, at latitude 32.745522° east, longitude 35.759676° north. This is in the gorge of the Yarmouk River a short distance upstream from where it is joined by the Wadi Ruqqad; the elevation there is somewhat lower than −60 m (−197 ft)


This page of ranking is based on figures from the 2007 CIA World Factbook.

External links[edit]